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Monthly Landscape Planner


  • Fertilize Flowers - Use a fertilizer low in nitrogen, high in potassium and phosphorus.
  • Fertilize Grass - Use a high nitrogen fertilizer with iron for dark green color.
  • Pre-Emergent - Start early on weeds. Make sure to apply pre-emergent in the rainy season. It needs to be watered in to be effective and does not affect weeds that have already germinated.
  • Winter Grass - When  the lawn is frozen or covered with frost, try not to walk on it. This will cause the blades of grass to break and allow the moisture inside to exit causing the grass to wilt leaving a black footprint until it grows back out in usually 3 to 4 weeks.


  • Fertilize Flowers - Flowers need to be fertilized often.
  • Plant Cut-Back - Spring is around the corner. Cut back flowering plants to encourage new growth and a healthy natural look. Make sure the threat of frost has past, usually mid-month.
  • Olive Tree Spray - Spray Olive trees to inhibit fruit production.


  • Fertilize Grass - Again using fertilizer with iron.
  • Plant Cut-Back - Finish cutting back plants before it gets too hot.
  • New Planting - If planning to add new plants, now is the time.


  • Seasonal Color - Plant summer flowers as soon as possible to give them time to root before it gets too hot.
  • Irrigation - Adjust watering times as temperatures increase.


  • Fertilize Grass - Use a high nitrogen fertilizer to promote Bermuda grass recovery from dormancy and scapling. Transition the grass from winter Rye to Bermuda. When mowing, drop the cut height by half and use a high nitrogen fertilizer at half the rate. The following week, raise the cut height one quarter. Lower it again by one quarter the next week and fertilize another half rate. This will allow the emerging Bermuda the sun it needs and will help burn off the less heat resilient Rye.
  • Fertilize Flowers - Be consistent.
  • Palm Tree Trimming - Trim Date Palms as soon as fruit pods have fully emerged.
  • Irrigation - Adjust water again as tempatures continue to increase.


  • Fertilize Grass - Use a good balanced slow release fertilizer with a 3-1-2 ratio.
  • Irrigation - Adjust as needed.


  • Fertilize Grass - Use a slow release sulfate base fertilizer.
  • Pre-Emergent - Second yearly application, again during the summer monsoon.
  • Palm Tree Trimming - Trim fan palms as soon as seed pods emerge.
  • Fertilize Grass - Fertilize with nitrigen, phosphorus and potassium to store energy for the coming dormant months.
  • De-thatch Lawns - This prepares the lawns for winter Rye. De-thatching now will allow a recovery period which helps the Bermuda store enough nutrients for a good transition next year.


  • Irrigation - Slowly reduce water to turf and adjust plants accordingly.
  • Tree Planting - Planting trees at this time will help establish the root system and give them a head start for the coming year.


  • Winter Rye - Time to plant winter grass. Do not scalp Bermuda down to bare dirt. This will eliminate the nutrients stored for the dormant season and hinder the transition back to Bermuda in the summer. Raise the mowing height 2 weeks before scalping, return to normal height for one week . Turn the water off and mow to half the normal height. Sow Rye grass seed at the rate of 10 to 15 pounds per 1000 square feet, making sure to run the spreader in both north/south and east/west directions to ensure even coverage. There is no need to spread manure, unless you like the smell, the seed will germinate without it. Water 4 times per day keeping it wet for the first week. As the seed germinates, decrease the water. After 2 weeks the grass should be ready for the first mow. Water can be decreased to once per day and turned off one day per week for mowing.
  • Fertilize Grass - Make sure to fertilize after the first mow of winter Rye.
  • Seasonal Color - Plant winter flowers.


  • Fertilize Grass - Use a fertilizer with plenty of iron. The iron will help keep the grass green as the weather turns cold.
  • Fertilize Flowers - Very important as the nights grow colder.
  • Spot Seed - Spot seed where grass has not germinated and mulch for warmth.


  • Irrigation - Reduce watering, not much is required this time of year with the rain and cool weather.
  • Fertilize Flowers - They should now be established with colorful blooms.


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